The hamstring muscles run the length of the back of the thigh and are instrumental in many daily movements. These leg muscles help you to stand upright, bend forward, walk, and run; any movement which extends the hips or flexes the knees. Hamstrings are often lesser-trained compared to the quads at the front of the thigh, and too much of an imbalance here can cause problems.
It’s important to properly train your hamstrings so that these muscles are correctly matched with the other major muscles in your legs. It’s normal for your quads to be slightly stronger than your hamstrings, but too much of a difference can cause knee injuries. Workouts like squats, jumps, sprinting, and lunging put a lot of pressure on your knees. You need strong hamstrings to stabilize this joint and prevent injury.
Exercises such as the squat and the lunge have long been favorites when developing strong thigh muscles, targeting the quads especially. However, you might not know that these workouts hit your hamstrings as well. While your quads take most of the straight, the hamstrings work to stabilize your leg and help bring you back up to a standing starting position. While these common exercises do hit the hammies, we’d highly recommend adding a few hamstring-specific exercises into your workout. This way, you’ll gain a better balance overall between muscles, and help prevent all-too-common hamstring injuries.
We’ve put together this list of the very best 6 hamstring exercises to strengthen your legs and properly exercise this important muscle. By including some of these workouts in your regular routine, you’ll benefit from better form, stronger legs, and a more inclusive workout overall. The most important reason to work out your hamstrings is to stabilize the knee joint and prevent injury, but it also helps on the road to a shredded body too! Read on to discover the most effective hamstring exercises you can try out today.
Hamstrings are a common culprit for any exercise-related injury. Your hammies can easily be overworked as one of the largest muscle groups in your body. They’re an important muscle in walking, running, and many other daily movements. When you’re going to work out your hamstring muscles, it’s vital to perform a few stretches beforehand. These will warm up the muscle, allowing you to work out more effectively, and making injury less likely. Here are a few hamstring stretches you can use to loosen up before your workout:
Now that you’re properly stretched and warmed up your hamstring muscles, it’s time to jump into your workout. We’ve compiled some of the most effective exercises for your hamstrings here, all workout towards stronger and more balanced leg muscles. These hamstring exercises are great for improving hip and knee stability, posture, and of course for strengthening your hamstring muscles. Just select a few of your favorites and incorporate them into your usual workout routine, and start working towards improved balance and stronger hamstrings.
The deadlift is one of the most popular and widespread lower body weightlifting exercises. There are few other workouts that can equal the deadlift in effectiveness; it accurately targets muscles throughout the posterior chain and strengthens them with each repetition. The Romanian Deadlift is a variation on the classic, offering all the same benefits with additional attention on the hamstrings and hip hinges.
By improving the movement of your hip flexors while keeping your back straight, the Romanian Deadlift is an excellent exercise to target and strengthen your hammies. You’ll need a kettlebell or alternatively a barbell to complete this exercise, which you can do at home or at the gym. If you aren’t sure which weight to use, we’d recommend starting out with a 20kg kettlebell. The Romanian Deadlift is most effective when you work with heavier weights, focusing on perfect form with a low number of reps. This way, the exercise will better target those hamstrings. If you’d prefer an exercise using lower weight and a higher number of reps, try the Stiff-Legged Deadlift instead.
How to do a Romanian Deadlift:
1. Your starting position should be stood up straight, with your feet slightly wider than shoulder-width. Draw your shoulder blades back and down, pushing your chest slightly outward to ensure proper posture. In your hands, firmly hold a kettlebell using an overhand grip (with palms towards you).
2. Take a deep breath, and bend forward from the hips only, ensuring your back and neck stay straight. As you lean over, let the kettlebell run down your legs, past your knees, until it reaches about mid-shin. The movement of your kettlebell should be controlled at all times; don’t let it swing, just raise and lower carefully. Ensure that your chest remains proud with your shoulders drawn backward.
3. Exhale as the kettlebell reaches halfway down your shins. Then, push down on your heels and use your glutes and hamstrings to extend the hips and knees. As you return to your starting position, the kettlebell should slide gently back up your legs. Next, check that you’re fully upright with shoulder blades back and down, and you’re ready for the next repetition.
Another variation of the deadlift which is great for your hamstrings is the single-leg deadlift. You’ll use a significantly smaller weight than with your usual deadlift exercises, as the single-leg deadlift requires much better balance to complete. Because the hamstring muscles play a huge role in stabilizing your knee joint, this exercise is perfect to strengthen it. Using a small weight, this challenging workout movement uses muscles throughout the lower body. Your back, core, and leg muscles all benefit from the single-leg deadlift, improving posture and general stability.
You can complete this exercise using only your body weight, allowing you to focus more freely on perfect form and keeping your spine in a straight line. Alternatively, holding a small barbell in each hand will add some resistance to the exercise, and make your hamstrings work just a little bit harder. Compared to the Romanian Deadlift, this version activates more muscles in your core, as well as improving balance in the standing leg. For some surreal energy and focus, be sure to add some Shredded Stack supplements to your diet.
How to do a Single Leg Deadlift:
1. Start in a standing position, with your feet hip-width apart and facing forwards. You can hold a dumbbell in each hand in front of you, or if you don’t have one, a kettlebell or barbell works just as well.
2. Start to lean forward into your hips, maintaining your straight spine and keeping the weight held in front of you. Your bodyweight should shift on to a single leg, while the other should move slightly behind, ready to extend directly backward.
3. Raise your extended leg out behind you, while simultaneously leaning your upper body forward. Your arms should hang straight down gripping the weight, at a height just below your knees. Your whole body should form a “T” shape in this position, focus on creating as straight a line as possible from your extended toe to the top of your head. Your standing leg should retain a slight bend while holding the rest of your body.
4. Slowly lower your extended leg back down to the floor, as your return to your starting position stood up straight. Repeat the exercise using your other leg.
The kettlebell swing is a basic workout movement with explosive effects, and one of the best to add into your routine to target the hamstrings. This exercise has a lot of benefits, and it’s not only hugely beneficial to your hamstrings. The kettlebell swing, when completed correctly, helps to train your upper and mid-back, raises metabolism, and is great for your hips and pelvis too. All the movement in a kettlebell swing centers around the hip flexors, but your hamstrings will reap the biggest benefits.
The only equipment you need for this exercise is a kettlebell, you can use the same 20kg weight as the Romanian Deadlift. If you’re not sure, we’d recommend trying with a smaller weight first, for example, a 16kg kettlebell. As the Kettlebell Swing is such a dynamic exercise, it’s even more important that you work on perfect form. The swinging motion with a heavyweight can easily cause injury if you aren’t careful, but completing this exercise correctly will do wonders for your hamstrings.
How to do a Kettlebell Swing:
1. Stand with your feet slightly wider than shoulder-width apart, holding a kettlebell with both hands in front. You should have a slight bend in your knees, try to maintain this leg position throughout your movement. Tilt your body forwards, inhaling as you move from the hips, allowing your kettlebell to swing gently backward between your legs. This is the starting position for this exercise, where you’ll return after each repetition.
2. Use your glutes and hamstrings to swing the kettlebell forwards and upwards to shoulder height. The extension of your hips and legs is the source of this movement, so you shouldn’t be using your arms other than to firmly grip the weight. Exhale as you swing the kettlebell forwards in a controlled manner.
3. Next, inhale as you complete the kettlebell swing and bring the weight back to your starting position. You should bend your knees and tilt forward at the hips, making sure that your gluteus and hamstring muscles are powering the movement. Be careful not to lift the kettlebell with your arms or shoulders, as this is not proper form. Not only will you risk injury, but you’ll also miss out on working those hamstring muscles.
Another popular posterior chain weightlifting exercise is the glute-ham raise, which is arguably one of the single most effective ways to target your hammies. The Glute-Ham Raise also works out your glutes, lower back, and many other major muscles. There are many benefits of using the Glute-Ham raise to strengthen your hamstrings, including improving your squats, deadlifts, and even running. You’ll need to complete this workout at the gym unless you’re lucky enough to have GHR equipment at home.
How to do a Glute Ham Raise:
1. Start face-down on the GHR apparatus, your body should be roughly parallel to the floor. Your thighs should be touching the half moon pad, with your knees just behind it. Two smaller pads should touch the backs of your ankles, raise the pads to make the glute ham raise more difficult.
2. Push your knees into the pad and contract your hamstrings, raising your torso upwards. Keep your back and torso as straight as possible, just pivoting from the knees. You should finish in an almost-kneeling position, held steady by your hamstrings. Make sure your feet stay parallel pointing straight downwards; don’t allow your heels to turn inward to maintain perfect form.
3. Lower your upper body back down the starting position in a slow and controlled manner. Do not fall back down; use your hamstrings to control the movement gradually back to a parallel position. Repeat the exercise for reps.
Good Mornings are a great exercise to practice hinging at the hips, benefiting your glutes and lower back but primarily targeting those hamstrings. You can complete this exercise using only bodyweight, but adding a dumbbell creates extra strain on your hamstrings to better build and strengthen the muscle. Dumbbell Good Mornings are the ideal exercise to kick off your leg workout, before moving on to a more challenging movement.
How to do Dumbbell Good Mornings:
1. Start by holding a dumbbell horizontally at your chest with both hands, standing with feet hip-width apart. You can cross your arms around the dumbbell if it helps to hold it more securely.
2. Maintaining the slightest bend at the knee, lean forward from the hips. You should push your butt backward while your torso folds in. You should bend over until your torso is just above being parallel to the floor. Stop when you reach this position, and double-check that your spine is still aligned.
3. To return to your starting position, drive your hips forward, and tighten your hamstrings to lift your body back upright. Squeeze your glutes together to complete the movement, and repeat as many times as necessary.
This hamstring curl exercise can be completed using either a swiss ball (exercise ball) or slider. The swiss ball leg curl targets, in particular, the knee flexion function of the hamstrings, unlike deadlifts which focus on hip flexion. This hamstring workout is a good alternative when you don’t have access to a leg curl machine, and uses only your body weight to strengthen legs.
How to do Swill Ball Leg Curls:
1. Start by lying flat on your back on the floor, with your feet firmly in place about 6 inches apart on top of a medium-sized exercise ball. Your pals should be on the floor by your sides.
2. Raise your hips up off the floor by digging your heels into the exercise ball. Flex your feet and activate core muscles to stabilize the glute bridge position, squeezing your glutes and hamstrings. Try to keep your neck relaxed.
3. Like when using a leg curl machine, bend your knees and roll the ball towards you. Engage your core throughout to prevent undue strain on your lower back.
4. Hold this position, squeezing your hamstrings and glutes for a two-second count, before slowly reversing the movement as you return to your starting position on the floor.
These six hamstring training exercises are some of the best if you want to build balanced leg muscles. These lower body exercises are some of the best exercises you can complete when it comes to strength training your hammies. We recommend adding a few of these hamstring exercises into your lower body workout, so leg day will be even more exciting! Work on your knee and hip extension with some of the best hamstring exercises, and your hamstring strength will be off the charts.